Civil War

Loudoun County was involved in the Civil War long before the first shots were fired by John Brown’s raiders in Harpers Ferry in 1859. Throughout the 1840s and ‘50s, the county was a pathway on the so-called “Underground Railroad” that took escaped slaves from Southern states to freedom in the Northern states and Canada. The heavily timbered Blue Ridge Mountains on the county’s western border offered abundant hiding places for escapees, while free blacks in communities near the Carolina Road, Quakers, and other Abolitionists in the county stood ready to help out with food, medical attention, and directions to the nearest fords across the Potomac River.