The Civil War Horse statue is also known as the Horses and Mules Memorial, and is a tribute to the horses and mules that lost their lives during the Civil War. The plaque under the statue reads: "In memory of the one and one half million horses and mules of the Confederate and Union armies that were killed, were wounded or died from disease in the Civil War. Many perished within 20 miles of Middleburg in the Battles of Aldie, Middleburg and Upperville in June of 1863." No other monument exists to pay tribute to equine efforts and losses.
American philanthropist Paul Mellon, a racehorse owner and breeder, commissioned the bronze sculpture after reading an account of wartime human and horse bloodshed in the area. Sculptor Tessa Pullan of England completed the statue in 1997 after poring over photographs of war-weary horses. She and Mellon consulted with experts to ensure accuracy of the horse’s saddle, gear, and other equipment. "They helped give the effect of a horse whose rider was slain and was dying of exhaustion after a long battle," Pullan says.
A copy of the sculpture made from the same mold is at the U.S. Cavalry Museum in Fort Riley, Kansas, and a third, life-size copy is at the Virginia Historical Society in Richmond, Virginia. Both also were commissioned by Mellon.
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